The history of Santorini is not only a story of people, but a story that has the privilege to evolve and continuously formed by itself. The first inhabitants of the island were Proellines that occurred around 3000 BC.
Mythology: The myth of Deucalion and Pyrrha who escaped from the flood caused by Zeus to punish the people is directly related to the eruption of Santorini. Chronologically the flooding is placed between 1530 and 1400 BC Another myth related to flood is the angry reaction of Poseidon who flooded Attica when he lost the competition with Athena for the domination of Athens. The death of Hippolytus caused a huge wave lifted again Neptune near Troezen.
Gradual people after the eruption resumed their normal activities. For the first people who inhabit to the island we know a few from the mythology. It was the Phoenicians who around 1300 BC attracted by the beauty of the island. Later came the Dorians with their king Thira and named the island Thira.
Santorini in the 3rd century became bishop seat with bishop Dioscuros. From the time of Justinian Santorini belongs to the diocese of Rhodes. The only Byzantine monument of Santorini is the church of Panagia Episkopi Gonias built by the Emperor Alexius Comnenus.
The Franks came to Thira in 1204. They dubbed the island Santorini from the small church of Santa Irene. From this moment begins a period of conflict between the dukes of Naxos and the dukes of Santorini and efforts of the residents for the liberation of the island. Only once the island was peacefully when the Duke of Naxos gave it as a dowry to his daughter.
When Santorini was annexed to the Ottoman Empire things calmed down. The island was involved in business and made its own fleet. In 1821 the fleet of the island was third in Greece.