The volcano of Santorini is characterized by the international scientific community active and that is why it is constantly monitored with the latest technology to ensure the safety of residents and visitors of the island. Studies on the activity of the volcano in the past and the current situation in which have taken place and continue to be made from the Universities in Greece and abroad. As part of your visit to the volcano will be able to walk to a very large part, around the major craters and learn about the history and activity.
The volcano is the creator ofSantorini, and the major visited monument. The volcano is a volcanic island in the center of the caldera, which began to be created in 1570. The area today is 340 hectares and the highest point is 127 meters above sea level. In the volcano there are two anchorages, the bay of Taxiarhis in the southeast and the Bay Erinia to the north. The volcano and the smaller volcanic islands around it are included in the Natura 2000 network of protected areas of the European Community . The volcano has produced remarkable volcanic activity in the last 50 years
According to historical data and sources during the late Bronze Age in 1645 BC after many years of volcanic activity characterized by earthquakes and small explosions resulted the concentration of large amounts of lava in the volcanic chamber of the volcano, there was one of the largest eruptions in history, which led to the change of morphology and geology of Santorini, destroying culture that had been created up to that time on the island. According to historians, it is very likely that the destruction of the Minoan civilization of Crete have originated or emerged gradually as a result of the erruption of the volcano which affected on many levels the life of the inhabitants of the Mediterranean Sea. These theories have important historical basis , although there are others that shift the time of the decline of the Minoan civilization about 200 years before, attributing it to other causes. The archaeological finds of the prehistoric town of Akrotiri and the fact that there has been no traces of early abandonment detected as well as the lack of victims in the houses and streets, indicate that the inhabitants had been informed of the impending explosion of the volcano and fled the city.